***PLEASE RESPOND TO THE FOLLOWING 2 DISCUSSION POSTS SEPARATELY*** ***REFERENCE

***PLEASE RESPOND TO THE FOLLOWING 2 DISCUSSION POSTS SEPARATELY***
***REFERENCES TO BE NO OLDER THAN 5 YEARS***
1. Difference
In my opinion despite of difference between Telehealth and Telemedicine, both are new electronic technologies, that are utilizing by healthcare team to provide healthcare to people who do not have access to the clinic or doctors’ offices. Based on Harvard University Video (2015) Shah provided a fundamental definition of telehealth, “telehealth by utilizing electronic tools provide healthcare remotely”, and as an example shah addressed “remote radiologist sitting in the room that might be hundreds of miles away and discuses about the radiology film and broadly using in management of chronic disease, management of mental health, and providing daily care to patients.” Therefore, telehealth is telecommunications technologies that adopted to make simple long distance health care.
Based on Telehealth alliance of Oregon (2021) “Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMC) asserted that Telemedicine seeks to improve patients’ health by having interactive communication between the patient and physician or practitioner at the distance site. However, exploring the difference between telemedicine and telehealth is difficult and confusing, the notion of telemedicine is “to obtain advice from specialist and professional aid in specified time by utilizing electronical devices such as smartphone, computer, and email. While telehealth is useful for users to obtain information from doctor interviews, share the experience with other patients with the similar diseases, and information from social websites timely” (Gu, et al., 2021).
The benefits of using telehealth and telemedicine are providing care to rural and low-income population, reduce cost, and saving time in long distance traveling. In addition, telemedicine can reduce American health care spending by decreasing medication misuse, unnecessary emergency department visiting, and prolonged hospitalizations (Gajarwala& Pelkowski 2020).
“The barrier of using telehealth is lack of knowledge to utilize new technology, limitation of performing physical exam, facing to the various rules, regulation, and guidelines for practice. Providers must have acknowledged guidelines in state of practice and federal rules and using best practice guidelines to provide high-quality care and patient safety” Gajarwala& Pelkowski (2020).
Hence, telemedicine and Telehealth are electronic and telecommunications technologies to support people who are not able to see a doctor and receiving high quality of healthcare via telephone conversation, videocall, and email.
References:
Gajarawala, S. N., & Pelkowski, J. N. (2021). Telehealth Benefits and Barriers. The journal for nurse practitioners : JNP, 17(2), 218–221. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nurpra.2020.09.013
Gu, D., Humbatova, G., Xie, Y., Yang, X., Zolotarev, O., & Zhang, G. (2021). Different Roles of Telehealth and Telemedicine on Medical Tourism: An Empirical Study from Azerbaijan. Healthcare, 9(8), 1073. http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/healthcare9081073
Telehealth: How new technologies are … – youtube. (n.d.). Retrieved December 3, 2021, from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8C0qB4w_fk8.
Telemedicine or telehealth – definitions. Telemedicine or Telehealth – Definitions | Telehealth Alliance of Oregon. (n.d.). Retrieved December 3, 2021, from https://www.ortelehealth.org/content/telemedicine-or-telehealth-definitions.
2. Telehealth and Telemedicine are terms that are often used interchangeably. Although people use them interchangeably, they are distinctly different. Telehealth is a broad umbrella and means using technology for non-clinical health-related exchange. Telehealth has been defined as an electronic healthcare technology exchange that is not clinical, i.e., Telehealth can defined as remote electronic health education for healthcare providers. Telemedicine is a form of Telehealth under the Telehealth umbrella but Telemedicine is not Telehealth. Telemedicine is defined as electronic technology exchange between a clinical provider and a patient (Crandford, 2020). The purpose of Telemedicine is to improve patient outcomes. The initial purpose of Telemedicine was to increase access to health care services to patients in remote areas or patients who encountered significant challenges making clinical appointments. Telemedicine can decrease transportation time and costs. The disadvantage is that for some technologies, patients require internet access and smart devices to communicate with the provider.
Telemedicine has become common for managing non-urgent illnesses such as upper respiratory infections and urinary tract infections. Telemedicine is also gaining popularity with managing chronic conditions. With the latest technology, diabetic glucose reading, patients with hypertension blood pressure measurements can be downloaded and submitted to the providers. Other in-home monitoring equipment is also able to share information remotely with providers. Telemedicine may not be appropriate for all patients. Some patients may not have a private area to conduct the visit and may require visiting public locations to access w-fi connections and compromise patient confidentiality. There are also occasions when a physical assessment is warranted to confirm a patient’s suspected problem or visualize or palpate a particular area of the patient’s body. Telemedicine may not be appropriate for an older adult who may have problems navigating and using video technology or for patients who have dementia and suffers from confusion (Saljoughian, 2021).
Cranford, L. (2020, May 4). Telemedicine vs. Telehealth: What’s the difference? Chiron Health. Retrieved December 3, 2021, from https://chironhealth.com/blog/telemedicine-vs-telehealth-whats-the-difference/.
Saljoughian, M. (2021). The Benefits and Limitations of Telehealth. US Pharm, 46(8), 5-8.

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