P‌‍‍‍‌‍‍‌‌‍‍‍‌‍‍‍‍‌‍‍lease answer these questions: 1. Taylor contrasts a "l

P‌‍‍‍‌‍‍‌‌‍‍‍‌‍‍‍‍‌‍‍lease answer these questions: 1. Taylor contrasts a "life-centered" with an "anthropocentric" view of environmental ethics. What is this distinction? Why is it important for his argument? 2. Taylor explicitly compares his ethical theory to that of Kant. In what ways is Taylor’s view like that of Kant? In what important respect is it different? 3. What sort of difference would it make if we adopted Taylor’s "biocentric outlook on nature"? How would our thinking about, and our actions toward, nature have to change? 4. Taylor speaks of "respect for nature" as an attitude that we should adopt. What reasons has he given for adopting this attitude? What sorts of reasons can one give for adopting a particular attitude? 5. Taylor writes that "the claim that humans by their very nature are superior to other species is a groundless claim and … must ‌‍‍‍‌‍‍‌‌‍‍‍‌‍‍‍‍‌‍‍be rejected as nothing more than an irrational bias in our own favor." How does this thesis help to support his life-centered ethics of the environment? Do you think that this is a defensible claim? 6. In what sense is Baxter proposing a kind of economic environmental ethic? 7. Baxter explicitly makes human interests the center of his Environmental viewpoint. In what sense are each of his four criteria "human-centered"? Buddhist Questions: 1. A problem for Western approaches to environmental ethics is to see how human values can be related to the natural world. is this an equally acute problem for Buddhism? 2. Is there a spiritual, as well as an ethical, dimension to the solution of the environ-mental crisis? How might one argue that there is? 3. What is the Buddhist attitude toward plant and animal life? How is this attitude manifested in daily life? How does the example of the bee illustrate this basic attitude‌‍‍‍‌‍‍‌‌‍‍‍‌‍‍‍‍‌‍‍?

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