Chapter 1 is an introduction of the issue/problem/topic. Your aim in this chapte

Chapter 1 is an introduction of the issue/problem/topic. Your aim in this chapter is to clearly state what the paper is about and why we care. I will provide you with feedback on the feasibility of your topic given the time constraints of this course and the availability of data in the Health & Retirement Study (HRS). Step 1: Choose a topic related to the aging process or older adults (refer to topics list for ideas). TOPIC: Are older adults who been incarcerated or homeless at a greater risk for depression? Step 2: Clearly introduce your topic Clearly define what you mean by terms (e.g. what is Parkinson’s disease?) Be specific (e.g. if your topic is diabetes, specify whether you mean type 1 or type 2) Don’t assume the reader knows what acronyms mean – spell out the first time you use (e.g. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)) Step 3: Describe why your topic is important (e.g. How many people are affected? How much money is spent on the problem? Is it a risk factor for disease, increased health care costs, caregiving needs, mortality, etc?). Provide at least 1 relevant statistic from a Government agency or other reputable source (e.g. Census Bureau, CDC, NCHS, Alzheimer’s Association, etc – see documents posted on Canvas or search yourself, for example: Number of people affected (e.g. “X% of adults 65 and older suffer from Alzheimer’s disease”). Is it a growing problem? Costs, monetary or otherwise, to individuals/families/society (e.g. “obesity is responsible for $XXX billion dollars in health care costs each year in the United States” or “providing informal care leads to XX hours of lost work productivity per year”, etc) Etc (e.g. “depression is associated with poor physical and mental health, higher health care costs, and greater risk of death”) Don’t need to do a thorough literature review at this point Step 4: Clearly state your research question(s) and hypothesis(es). The hypothesis is a statement about the expected relationship between at least 1 independent variable and 1 dependent variable. Most hypotheses involve a positive or negative relationship between 2 variables (as ______________ increases, _________________ increases/decreases) or differences between two or more groups (e.g. men versus women, African Americans versus Caucasians, etc) Example Question: “Is church attendance associated with greater life satisfaction among older adults?” Hypothesis: “Older adults who attend church more frequently will have greater life satisfaction” Independent variable = church attendance Dependent variable = life satisfaction Again, be as specific as possible with the terms/words you use If you think that volunteering is associated with better health, what specifically do you mean by “better health”? Less likely to have heart disease? Have fewer depressive symptoms? Concepts like “better outcomes,” “health care barriers,” etc are vague and need greater clarification Guidelines: Length: approximately 3-4 pages, double-spaced Follow APA format with in-text citations and references as appropriate Other Avoid first & second person Do not include personal stories or anecdotal evidence Writing should be free of spelling & grammatical errors ***Please see the attached PDF for an example of an introduction (pgs 1 & 2). Most peer-reviewed research papers will have an introduction so please read other papers for additional examples.***

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